Working papers/under review are listed below publications.


Donald R. Kinder & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2017. Neither Liberal nor Conservative: Ideological Innocence in the American Public. University of Chicago Press. 

In progress: With Ballots & Bullets: Partisanship & Violence in the American Civil War. Status: chapter writing; Dec 2018 polished draft, press TBD.

Articles (replication materials here) – email for Word doc if no access (

Nathan P. Kalmoe, Joshua R. Gubler, & David A. Wood. Forthcoming. Toward conflict or compromise? How violent metaphors polarize partisan issue preferences. Political Communication.   Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. Forthcoming. Mobilizing voters with aggressive metaphors. Political Science Research & Methods.  Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2017. Digital news-seeking during wartime: Unobtrusive measures of Pakistani & American attention to drone strikesJournal of Information, Technology, & Politics.     Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Kimberly Gross. 2016. Cueing patriotism, prejudice, & partisanship in the age of Obama: Experimental tests of U.S. flag imagery effects in presidential elections. Political Psychology. Online Appendix. (see press here)

Joshua R. Gubler & Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2015. Violent rhetoric in protracted group conflicts: Experimental evidence from Israel and India. Political Research Quarterly.  Online Appendix.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2015. Trait aggression in two representative U.S. surveys: Testing the generalizability of college samples. Aggressive Behavior.

Joshua R. Gubler, Nathan P. Kalmoe, & David A. Wood. 2015. Them’s fightin’ words: The effects of violent rhetoric on ethical decision making in business. Journal of Business Ethics. (see press here)

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2014.  Fueling the fire: Violent metaphors, trait aggression, and support for political violence. Political Communication. (see press here)

Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2013. From fistfights to firefights: Trait aggression and support for state violence.  Political Behavior.

Nathan P. Kalmoe & Spencer Piston. 2013. Is implicit prejudice against blacks politically consequential? Evidence from the AMP. Public Opinion Quarterly.
Reprinted in Virtual Issue: Coloring Public Opinion, Public Opinion Quarterly, 2016-17. 

Working Papers

Under Review

Nathan P. Kalmoe. Legitimizing partisan violence in public opinion: Historical and experimental evidence of bias in state violence views.

Nathan P. Kalmoe, Raymond J. Pingree, Brian Watson, Mingxiao Sui, Joshua Darr, & Kathleen Searles. Better left unsaid: Crime news and presidential blame.

Nathan P. Kalmoe. Speaking of parties: Dueling views in a canonical measure of sophistication.         Online Appendix

Kathleen Searles, Mingxiao Sui, Joshua Darr, Nathan P. Kalmoe, Raymond J. Pingree, & Brian Watson. Hostile media perceptions & repeated exposure to partisan news. 

In Progress

The weakness of issues: How multiple measures can mislead on public opinion
Framing racial coalitions in election news (w/ Kim Gross) (MPSA 2017)
Lethal partisanship & moral disengagement under threat in two forms (w/ Lily Mason)
Partisan dehumanization & its political consequences (w/ Josh Gubler)
Racial attitudes after natural disaster (w/ Martin Johnson & Mike Henderson)
Disarming white racial identity: Election effects on group threat (w/ Ashley Jardina & Kim Gross)
Sophisticated bullshit: Distinguishing belief systems in leaders & citizens.
Voting & violence in the American electorate.
Framing gendered perceptions of partisan voters (w/ Kim Gross)
Moderates going to extremes: Violent metaphors in campaign advertising.


Nathan P. Kalmoe. 2012. Mobilizing Aggression in Mass Politics. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation.) University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Best Dissertation Honorable Mention, 2013, APSA Political Psychology Section.

Past Projects

Elizabeth Suhay & Nathan P. KalmoeThe equal environments assumption in twin studies of political traits: Social confounds & suggested remedies. (see press below)

Research Grants

My work has been supported by American National Election StudiesTime-Series Experiments for the Social Sciences (National Science Foundation), Louisiana State University, Monmouth College, George Washington University, Brigham Young University, and the Gerald R. Ford Foundation, the Marsh Center for the Study of Journalistic Performance, and Rackham Graduate School at the University of Michigan.